are found in varieties
of red, blue, purple, and white"
The passion flower is a perennial plant that grows 30 feet in length and
bears alternate, serrate leaves with finely-toothed lobes. Most are vines, some
being shrubs and a few being herbaceous (leaves and stems dying to soil level at
the end of the growing season and new growth appearing with the new season).
The flowers are found in varieties of red, blue, purple, and white; they
bloom from May to July. Each flower has five sepals and petals. The corona in
the flower is blue or with violet filaments. The stamens are greenish-yellow and
the stigmas purple. The fruit is a round or ovoid berry with numerous seeds. The
pulp and juice are popular for their exotic flavor and aroma.
Passion Flower – Family, Description and Biology
The passion flower (Passiflora) belongs to the Passifloraceae
family, and has about 500 species. Species include incarnata, involucrata,
alata, edulis, quadrangularis, coccinea, and caerulea, among others.
Common names include maypop, apricot vine, Passiflore rouge, passionsblume,
purple passion-flower, granadilla, maracujŠ, and passion vine.
The passion flower is indigenous to an area extending from southeast U.S. to
Brazil and Argentina. They are found in most of South America as well as China
and southern Asia, New Guinea, Australia, and New Zealand.
The Passifloraceae family is found in Africa; however, the species found
here is not the Passiflora genus but the more primitive Adenia.
The purple-fruited Passiflora edulis and the yellow-fruited
Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa are widely grown in subtropical and
tropical regions for their fruit.